Hiawatha canoe is a double chine boat constructed of panels in classic
style typical of the Native American canoe: high bow with reverse curvature, pronounced
sheer, with a slight tumblehome at the bows. Hiawatha is the sister of
our single chine canoe, Chenoa.
Note that their hull shape is different from the "barge
type" production canoes. Our canoes are narrower at the waterline which
makes them fast and nimble. However, the chine must be immersed for stability.
This means that they are designed to carry a load proportional to their size.
Do not build the 16' version if you plan to mostly use the canoe alone. If the
boat is not loaded to it's waterline, it will not have the expected stability.
The 12' version is ideal for one person, maybe one adult and a child: normal
load up to 200 lbs (80kg).
The 14' version is ideal for one or two adults: between 180 and 400 lbs (75
to 180 kg).
The 16' is an ideal camping canoe (cargo type) that will be happy loaded with
minimum 250 lbs and up to 500 lbs ( 90 to 225 kg). When loaded with only one
person, the 16' will work better if some ballast is added.
method: The standard version is built in stitch and glue without any molds
but 3 small battens are used to shape the sheer and chine. Dimensions
for those battens are taken from the molds drawings. The boat can also
be built around 3 throw-away molds.
lofting, no beveling, no scarfing: the sides and bottom are cut from standard
4x8 plywood (122x244cm), joined with a simple butt block. All seams are
taped with fiberglass and epoxy, see our "how to" section for details.
These epoxy seams are much stronger than the plywood.
all our stitch and glue boats, the Chenoa is easy to build. No woodworking
skills or special tools are required. The plans include all dimensions
and patterns to cut all the hull parts flat on the shop floor. No scarfing
panels parts are joined with fiberglass splices for fairness. The plans
show the usual details and suggest two seats but those are optional.
Of Materials: (Excerpts
from our BOM)
The BOM list materials based on our standard layout and includes a 15%
waste factor for resin and fiberglass. For plywood, we use standard sheets
4' x 8' (122 x 244 cm). Please read the building notes and see the plans
for detailed specifications. For the Hiawatha, we recommend Meranti or
see our plywood store.
1-1/2 gallon (3 gallon available)
material for fairing will be required. Material type and amount will vary
depending on builders' taste and skill level.
skilled and experienced builder who is frugal with epoxy resin can build
the 16' version with our 1-1/2 gallon epoxy-fiberglass kit. However, we
recommend the 3 gallon kit for the 16' version.